Water related issues are getting challenging day by day. Threats of water pollution and scarcity have become quite threatening. On the other hand, global usage of water has significantly increased. On this context, ideas like domestic water reuse have become essential.
Key technologies and processes:
Good news is that technologies for domestic water reuse have advanced in a noteworthy fashion. Biological processes for wastewater treatment have been effective in terms of removal of the unwanted nutrients from the water. To be specific, these biological processes are the most effective in terms of nitrogen removal from the water. Such processes can be equally significant for phosphorous removal as well.
Technologies like BEPR are the most recommended on this matter. In addition, there are physiochemical processes like membrane filtration to be used in industrial scale. There is a great usage of deep bed filtration among the industries these days. In fact, leading water treatment companies like Genesis Water Technologies have come up with mobile water treatment systems to fulfill the needs of emergencies in remote destinations.
Hybrid processes for domestic water reuse have turned out to be the most effective in modern times. These technologies can be used on an industrial scale for a greater outcome. As the name suggests, Hybrid process is basically a concept prepared through thorough blend of physiochemical and also the biological processes. It also uses bioreactors in special purposes. These technologies have been absolutely commendable regarding domestic wastewater treatment and reusing it.
Traditional physiochemical methods still play a vital role with treatments for water reuse. There are methods like deep bed filtration that are being highly preferred for their ease or user-friendly characteristics. However, when it comes about challenging occasions requiring extensive filtration, membrane filtration technique are highly used. It is preferred over other ideas for their greater effluent quality. Moreover, disinfection needs here are also quite minimal. It can be even claimed that these processes generate absolutely no sludge.
Domestic water treatment and reuse are not only significant in terms of fulfilling the drinking water needs. There is a great application of these methods in agricultural sectors as well. It has been found that productivity has increased through usage of such treated water. Usage of chemical fertilizers can be avoided in a significant way as well through the reuse of wastewater. Apart from this, these can be used at the golf courses, public places, etc. to meet the growing water requirements.